Description of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy

This is the low volatility sub-strategy of the leveraged GLD-USD strategy.

Statistics of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

TotalReturn:

'Total return, when measuring performance, is the actual rate of return of an investment or a pool of investments over a given evaluation period. Total return includes interest, capital gains, dividends and distributions realized over a given period of time. Total return accounts for two categories of return: income including interest paid by fixed-income investments, distributions or dividends and capital appreciation, representing the change in the market price of an asset.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the total return, or increase in value of 46% in the last 5 years of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark GLD (7.7%)
  • Looking at total return in of 11.1% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to GLD (6.1%).

CAGR:

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Looking at the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.9% in the last 5 years of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to the benchmark GLD (1.5%)
  • Looking at annual performance (CAGR) in of 3.6% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to GLD (2%).

Volatility:

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The volatility over 5 years of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is 8%, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark GLD (13%) in the same period.
  • During the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility is 5.6%, which is lower, thus better than the value of 10.6% from the benchmark.

DownVol:

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Looking at the downside deviation of 7.8% in the last 5 years of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark GLD (12.8%)
  • Looking at downside risk in of 5.9% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to GLD (11%).

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio was developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, and is used to help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk. The ratio is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk. Subtracting the risk-free rate from the mean return allows an investor to better isolate the profits associated with risk-taking activities. One intuition of this calculation is that a portfolio engaging in 'zero risk' investments, such as the purchase of U.S. Treasury bills (for which the expected return is the risk-free rate), has a Sharpe ratio of exactly zero. Generally, the greater the value of the Sharpe ratio, the more attractive the risk-adjusted return.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark GLD (-0.08) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 0.67 of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is higher, thus better.
  • Compared with GLD (-0.05) in the period of the last 3 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 0.19 is larger, thus better.

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • The downside risk / excess return profile over 5 years of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is 0.69, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark GLD (-0.08) in the same period.
  • Compared with GLD (-0.05) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside risk / excess return profile of 0.18 is greater, thus better.

Ulcer:

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark GLD (9.51 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 3.63 of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is smaller, thus better.
  • During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio is 2.55 , which is lower, thus better than the value of 8.14 from the benchmark.

MaxDD:

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark GLD (-20.9 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley of -13.9 days of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is greater, thus better.
  • During the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown is -6.6 days, which is greater, thus better than the value of -17.6 days from the benchmark.

MaxDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs). Many assume Max DD Duration is the length of time between new highs during which the Max DD (magnitude) occurred. But that isn’t always the case. The Max DD duration is the longest time between peaks, period. So it could be the time when the program also had its biggest peak to valley loss (and usually is, because the program needs a long time to recover from the largest loss), but it doesn’t have to be'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • The maximum time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is 282 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark GLD (741 days) in the same period.
  • Compared with GLD (724 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum days below previous high of 282 days is lower, thus better.

AveDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark GLD (318 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average days under water of 84 days of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy is lower, thus better.
  • Compared with GLD (353 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average days under water of 84 days is lower, thus better.

Performance of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy
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Allocations

Returns of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy (%)

  • "Year" returns in the table above are not equal to the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of Low volatility Gold-USD sub-strategy are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.