Statistics (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

TotalReturn:

'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark AGG (3%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return, or increase in value of 6.2% of Treasury Hedge is larger, thus better.
  • During the last 3 years, the total return, or performance is -9.9%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of -3.9% from the benchmark.

CAGR:

'The compound annual growth rate isn't a true return rate, but rather a representational figure. It is essentially a number that describes the rate at which an investment would have grown if it had grown the same rate every year and the profits were reinvested at the end of each year. In reality, this sort of performance is unlikely. However, CAGR can be used to smooth returns so that they may be more easily understood when compared to alternative investments.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 1.2%, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (0.6%) in the same period.
  • During the last 3 years, the annual performance (CAGR) is -3.4%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of -1.3% from the benchmark.

Volatility:

'In finance, volatility (symbol σ) is the degree of variation of a trading price series over time as measured by the standard deviation of logarithmic returns. Historic volatility measures a time series of past market prices. Implied volatility looks forward in time, being derived from the market price of a market-traded derivative (in particular, an option). Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The 30 days standard deviation over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 7.3%, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark AGG (5.1%) in the same period.
  • During the last 3 years, the 30 days standard deviation is 8.4%, which is higher, thus worse than the value of 6.3% from the benchmark.

DownVol:

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Looking at the downside risk of 5.4% in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark AGG (4%)
  • During the last 3 years, the downside volatility is 6.4%, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 4.9% from the benchmark.

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • The ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is -0.18, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (-0.37) in the same period.
  • Looking at Sharpe Ratio in of -0.71 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to AGG (-0.61).

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The ratio of annual return and downside deviation over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is -0.24, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (-0.48) in the same period.
  • Looking at excess return divided by the downside deviation in of -0.92 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to AGG (-0.77).

Ulcer:

'Ulcer Index is a method for measuring investment risk that addresses the real concerns of investors, unlike the widely used standard deviation of return. UI is a measure of the depth and duration of drawdowns in prices from earlier highs. Using Ulcer Index instead of standard deviation can lead to very different conclusions about investment risk and risk-adjusted return, especially when evaluating strategies that seek to avoid major declines in portfolio value (market timing, dynamic asset allocation, hedge funds, etc.). The Ulcer Index was originally developed in 1987. Since then, it has been widely recognized and adopted by the investment community. According to Nelson Freeburg, editor of Formula Research, Ulcer Index is “perhaps the most fully realized statistical portrait of risk there is.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark AGG (3.21 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 6.08 of Treasury Hedge is higher, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio is 7.76 , which is larger, thus worse than the value of 3.92 from the benchmark.

MaxDD:

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark AGG (-14.4 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum reduction from previous high of -14.3 days of Treasury Hedge is larger, thus better.
  • Looking at maximum DrawDown in of -14.3 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to AGG (-14.4 days).

MaxDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 550 days in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark AGG (477 days)
  • During the last 3 years, the maximum days below previous high is 550 days, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 477 days from the benchmark.

AveDuration:

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the average days under water of 153 days in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark AGG (152 days)
  • During the last 3 years, the average days under water is 217 days, which is higher, thus worse than the value of 171 days from the benchmark.

Performance (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations ()

Allocations

Returns (%)

  • Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of Treasury Hedge are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.