'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark AGG (12.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return of 63.6% of Treasury Hedge is higher, thus better.
- Compared with AGG (6.2%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return of 34.2% is higher, thus better.

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the annual return (CAGR) of 10.4% in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to the benchmark AGG (2.5%)
- During the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) is 10.3%, which is higher, thus better than the value of 2% from the benchmark.

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The 30 days standard deviation over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 8.1%, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark AGG (3%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility is 6.2%, which is higher, thus worse than the value of 2.8% from the benchmark.

'Downside risk is the financial risk associated with losses. That is, it is the risk of the actual return being below the expected return, or the uncertainty about the magnitude of that difference. Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The downside deviation over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 9.4%, which is higher, thus worse compared to the benchmark AGG (3.2%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the downside deviation is 7.2%, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 3% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The risk / return profile (Sharpe) over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 0.97, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (-0.01) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio is 1.25, which is higher, thus better than the value of -0.16 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark AGG (-0.01) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside risk / excess return profile of 0.83 of Treasury Hedge is larger, thus better.
- Looking at ratio of annual return and downside deviation in of 1.09 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to AGG (-0.15).

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The Ulcer Index over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 3.86 , which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (1.63 ) in the same period.
- Looking at Ulcer Ratio in of 1.56 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to AGG (1.9 ).

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark AGG (-4.5 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum DrawDown of -14.4 days of Treasury Hedge is lower, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown is -4.4 days, which is greater, thus better than the value of -4.5 days from the benchmark.

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the maximum days under water of 256 days in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark AGG (331 days)
- Looking at maximum time in days below previous high water mark in of 110 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to AGG (331 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The average days below previous high over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 53 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (113 days) in the same period.
- Compared with AGG (137 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average time in days below previous high water mark of 31 days is lower, thus better.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- "Year" returns in the table above are not equal to the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Treasury Hedge are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.