## Statistics (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

### TotalReturn:

'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
• Looking at the total return, or increase in value of 27.1% in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to the benchmark AGG (16.6%)
• During the last 3 years, the total return, or increase in value is 5.9%, which is smaller, thus worse than the value of 15.3% from the benchmark.

### CAGR:

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
• Compared with the benchmark AGG (3.1%) in the period of the last 5 years, the annual performance (CAGR) of 4.9% of Treasury Hedge is greater, thus better.
• During the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) is 1.9%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 4.9% from the benchmark.

### Volatility:

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
• The volatility over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 7.1%, which is greater, thus worse compared to the benchmark AGG (4.6%) in the same period.
• Looking at 30 days standard deviation in of 7.5% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to AGG (5.5%).

### DownVol:

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
• Looking at the downside risk of 5% in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark AGG (3.5%)
• During the last 3 years, the downside deviation is 5.6%, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 4.2% from the benchmark.

### Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
• The ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) over 5 years of Treasury Hedge is 0.34, which is higher, thus better compared to the benchmark AGG (0.13) in the same period.
• Compared with AGG (0.43) in the period of the last 3 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of -0.08 is lower, thus worse.

### Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Which means for our asset as example:
• Compared with the benchmark AGG (0.18) in the period of the last 5 years, the excess return divided by the downside deviation of 0.48 of Treasury Hedge is greater, thus better.
• Looking at downside risk / excess return profile in of -0.1 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to AGG (0.56).

### Ulcer:

'Ulcer Index is a method for measuring investment risk that addresses the real concerns of investors, unlike the widely used standard deviation of return. UI is a measure of the depth and duration of drawdowns in prices from earlier highs. Using Ulcer Index instead of standard deviation can lead to very different conclusions about investment risk and risk-adjusted return, especially when evaluating strategies that seek to avoid major declines in portfolio value (market timing, dynamic asset allocation, hedge funds, etc.). The Ulcer Index was originally developed in 1987. Since then, it has been widely recognized and adopted by the investment community. According to Nelson Freeburg, editor of Formula Research, Ulcer Index is “perhaps the most fully realized statistical portrait of risk there is.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
• Looking at the Ulcer Ratio of 3.66 in the last 5 years of Treasury Hedge, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark AGG (1.73 )
• Compared with AGG (1.26 ) in the period of the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 4.59 is larger, thus worse.

### MaxDD:

'Maximum drawdown measures the loss in any losing period during a fund’s investment record. It is defined as the percent retrenchment from a fund’s peak value to the fund’s valley value. The drawdown is in effect from the time the fund’s retrenchment begins until a new fund high is reached. The maximum drawdown encompasses both the period from the fund’s peak to the fund’s valley (length), and the time from the fund’s valley to a new fund high (recovery). It measures the largest percentage drawdown that has occurred in any fund’s data record.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
• Compared with the benchmark AGG (-9.6 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley of -11.7 days of Treasury Hedge is lower, thus worse.
• During the last 3 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley is -11.7 days, which is lower, thus worse than the value of -9.6 days from the benchmark.

### MaxDuration:

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
• Compared with the benchmark AGG (331 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 244 days of Treasury Hedge is smaller, thus better.
• During the last 3 years, the maximum days below previous high is 244 days, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 171 days from the benchmark.

### AveDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
• Compared with the benchmark AGG (103 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average time in days below previous high water mark of 54 days of Treasury Hedge is lower, thus better.
• Compared with AGG (37 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average time in days below previous high water mark of 66 days is higher, thus worse.

## Returns (%)

• Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
• Performance results of Treasury Hedge are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.