The NASDAQ 100 is a sub-strategy that uses proprietary risk-adjusted momentum to pick the most appropriate 4 NASDAQ 100 stocks. It is part for the Nasdaq 100 hedged strategy where it is combined with a variable hedge.

The model chooses four individual stocks from the NASDAQ 100 stock index. So depending on what stocks are in the NASDAQ 100, the stock rotation formula might include the new ones.

'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The total return, or performance over 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is 292.7%, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark QQQ (158.8%) in the same period.
- Compared with QQQ (95.1%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return of 148.1% is larger, thus better.

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark QQQ (20.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 31.5% of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is higher, thus better.
- Compared with QQQ (25%) in the period of the last 3 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 35.4% is higher, thus better.

'In finance, volatility (symbol σ) is the degree of variation of a trading price series over time as measured by the standard deviation of logarithmic returns. Historic volatility measures a time series of past market prices. Implied volatility looks forward in time, being derived from the market price of a market-traded derivative (in particular, an option). Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark QQQ (21.7%) in the period of the last 5 years, the historical 30 days volatility of 19.2% of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is lower, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the volatility is 21.5%, which is smaller, thus better than the value of 24.6% from the benchmark.

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The downside risk over 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is 13.2%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark QQQ (15.5%) in the same period.
- Compared with QQQ (17.6%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside deviation of 14.9% is smaller, thus better.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark QQQ (0.85) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 1.51 of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is higher, thus better.
- Looking at Sharpe Ratio in of 1.53 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to QQQ (0.91).

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the excess return divided by the downside deviation of 2.2 in the last 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to the benchmark QQQ (1.19)
- Looking at downside risk / excess return profile in of 2.2 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to QQQ (1.27).

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The Downside risk index over 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is 4.94 , which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark QQQ (5.99 ) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Index is 5.6 , which is lower, thus better than the value of 6.59 from the benchmark.

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the maximum drop from peak to valley of -30.4 days in the last 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark QQQ (-28.6 days)
- During the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown is -30.4 days, which is smaller, thus worse than the value of -28.6 days from the benchmark.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The maximum days below previous high over 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is 94 days, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark QQQ (163 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum days below previous high in of 94 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to QQQ (154 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The average time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy is 20 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark QQQ (36 days) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the average days under water is 21 days, which is lower, thus better than the value of 33 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of NASDAQ 100 Balanced Unhedged Sub-strategy are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.