The Global Sector Rotation Strategy (GSRS) provides a good diversification to our other strategies. The strategy invests in the top two performing global sectors. Global sector ETFs often display well-defined, long lasting, up or down trends which makes them a good fit rotation strategies. Another advantage of sector rotation strategies is that even in sideways markets, there are often still individual sectors that are performing well.

This strategy consists of three sub-strategies: GSRS aggressive , GSRS low-volatility and the HEDGE sub-strategies.

- CUT - Guggenheim Beacon Global Timber Equities
- KXI - iShares S&P Global Consumer Staples
- EXI - iShares S&P Global Industrials
- LIT - Global X Solactive Lithium Index
- FAN - First Trust ISE Global Wind Energy
- MOO - Market Vectors Agribusiness
- NLR - Market Vectors Nuclear Energy
- GNR - SPDR S&P Global Natural Resources
- PIO - PowerShares Palisades Global Water
- GURU - Global X Top Guru Holdings
- PKW - PowerShares Buyback Achievers
- IGF - iShares S&P Global Infrastructure Index
- REMX - Market Vectors Rare Earth Strategic Metals
- IXC - iShares S&P Global Energy Sector Index
- RWX - SPDR DJ International Real Estate
- IXG - iShares S&P Global Financials
- RXI - iShares S&P Global Consumer Discretionary
- IXJ - iShares S&P Global Healthcare Sector
- SEA - Guggenheim Delta Global Shipping Index
- IXN - iShares S&P Global Technology
- SLX - Market Vectors Global Steel
- IXP - iShares S&P Global Telecom Sector
- SOIL - GlobalX Solactive Fertilizers-Potash
- KOL - Market Vectors Global Coal
- TAN - Guggenheim MAC Global Solar Energy
- FPX - First Trust US IPO ETF
- JXI - iShares Global Utilities

'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The total return, or increase in value over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 47.8%, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark ACWI (94.2%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the total return is 30.9%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 47.5% from the benchmark.

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The annual return (CAGR) over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 8.1%, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark ACWI (14.2%) in the same period.
- Looking at annual performance (CAGR) in of 9.4% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to ACWI (13.9%).

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The 30 days standard deviation over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 9.2%, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (17.9%) in the same period.
- Looking at 30 days standard deviation in of 10.8% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (21.5%).

'Downside risk is the financial risk associated with losses. That is, it is the risk of the actual return being below the expected return, or the uncertainty about the magnitude of that difference. Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (13.2%) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside volatility of 6.9% of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is smaller, thus better.
- Compared with ACWI (15.9%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside deviation of 8.2% is lower, thus better.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The Sharpe Ratio over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 0.62, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark ACWI (0.66) in the same period.
- Compared with ACWI (0.53) in the period of the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio of 0.64 is greater, thus better.

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The excess return divided by the downside deviation over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 0.82, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark ACWI (0.89) in the same period.
- Compared with ACWI (0.71) in the period of the last 3 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 0.84 is higher, thus better.

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (6.26 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 4.4 of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is lower, thus better.
- Looking at Downside risk index in of 5.44 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (7.08 ).

'Maximum drawdown measures the loss in any losing period during a fund’s investment record. It is defined as the percent retrenchment from a fund’s peak value to the fund’s valley value. The drawdown is in effect from the time the fund’s retrenchment begins until a new fund high is reached. The maximum drawdown encompasses both the period from the fund’s peak to the fund’s valley (length), and the time from the fund’s valley to a new fund high (recovery). It measures the largest percentage drawdown that has occurred in any fund’s data record.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (-33.5 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley of -23.8 days of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is greater, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley is -23.8 days, which is greater, thus better than the value of -33.5 days from the benchmark.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs). Many assume Max DD Duration is the length of time between new highs during which the Max DD (magnitude) occurred. But that isn’t always the case. The Max DD duration is the longest time between peaks, period. So it could be the time when the program also had its biggest peak to valley loss (and usually is, because the program needs a long time to recover from the largest loss), but it doesn’t have to be'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (373 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 218 days of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is smaller, thus better.
- Compared with ACWI (138 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 218 days is higher, thus worse.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the average days under water of 50 days in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (81 days)
- During the last 3 years, the average days below previous high is 49 days, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 37 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Global Sector Rotation Strategy are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.