The Global Sector Rotation Strategy (GSRS) provides a good diversification to our other strategies. The strategy invests in the top two performing global sectors. Global sector ETFs often display well-defined, long lasting, up or down trends which makes them a good fit rotation strategies. Another advantage of sector rotation strategies is that even in sideways markets, there are often still individual sectors that are performing well.

This strategy consists of three sub-strategies: GSRS aggressive , GSRS low-volatility and the HEDGE sub-strategies.

- CUT - Guggenheim Beacon Global Timber Equities
- KXI - iShares S&P Global Consumer Staples
- EXI - iShares S&P Global Industrials
- LIT - Global X Solactive Lithium Index
- FAN - First Trust ISE Global Wind Energy
- MOO - Market Vectors Agribusiness
- NLR - Market Vectors Nuclear Energy
- GNR - SPDR S&P Global Natural Resources
- PIO - PowerShares Palisades Global Water
- GURU - Global X Top Guru Holdings
- PKW - PowerShares Buyback Achievers
- IGF - iShares S&P Global Infrastructure Index
- REMX - Market Vectors Rare Earth Strategic Metals
- IXC - iShares S&P Global Energy Sector Index
- RWX - SPDR DJ International Real Estate
- IXG - iShares S&P Global Financials
- RXI - iShares S&P Global Consumer Discretionary
- IXJ - iShares S&P Global Healthcare Sector
- SEA - Guggenheim Delta Global Shipping Index
- IXN - iShares S&P Global Technology
- SLX - Market Vectors Global Steel
- IXP - iShares S&P Global Telecom Sector
- SOIL - GlobalX Solactive Fertilizers-Potash
- KOL - Market Vectors Global Coal
- TAN - Guggenheim MAC Global Solar Energy
- FPX - First Trust US IPO ETF
- JXI - iShares Global Utilities

'Total return, when measuring performance, is the actual rate of return of an investment or a pool of investments over a given evaluation period. Total return includes interest, capital gains, dividends and distributions realized over a given period of time. Total return accounts for two categories of return: income including interest paid by fixed-income investments, distributions or dividends and capital appreciation, representing the change in the market price of an asset.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the total return, or increase in value of 41.7% in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (67.9%)
- Compared with ACWI (23.8%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return, or increase in value of 17.8% is smaller, thus worse.

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The annual performance (CAGR) over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 7.2%, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark ACWI (10.9%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) is 5.6%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 7.4% from the benchmark.

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The volatility over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 8.2%, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (18.3%) in the same period.
- Compared with ACWI (21.3%) in the period of the last 3 years, the volatility of 9.4% is lower, thus better.

'Downside risk is the financial risk associated with losses. That is, it is the risk of the actual return being below the expected return, or the uncertainty about the magnitude of that difference. Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The downside volatility over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 6.2%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (13.6%) in the same period.
- Looking at downside deviation in of 7.4% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (16%).

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (0.46) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 0.57 of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is greater, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) is 0.33, which is higher, thus better than the value of 0.23 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 0.76 in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (0.62)
- Compared with ACWI (0.31) in the period of the last 3 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 0.42 is greater, thus better.

'Ulcer Index is a method for measuring investment risk that addresses the real concerns of investors, unlike the widely used standard deviation of return. UI is a measure of the depth and duration of drawdowns in prices from earlier highs. Using Ulcer Index instead of standard deviation can lead to very different conclusions about investment risk and risk-adjusted return, especially when evaluating strategies that seek to avoid major declines in portfolio value (market timing, dynamic asset allocation, hedge funds, etc.). The Ulcer Index was originally developed in 1987. Since then, it has been widely recognized and adopted by the investment community. According to Nelson Freeburg, editor of Formula Research, Ulcer Index is “perhaps the most fully realized statistical portrait of risk there is.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The Ulcer Index over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 4.04 , which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (6.61 ) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio is 4.99 , which is lower, thus better than the value of 8 from the benchmark.

'Maximum drawdown measures the loss in any losing period during a fund’s investment record. It is defined as the percent retrenchment from a fund’s peak value to the fund’s valley value. The drawdown is in effect from the time the fund’s retrenchment begins until a new fund high is reached. The maximum drawdown encompasses both the period from the fund’s peak to the fund’s valley (length), and the time from the fund’s valley to a new fund high (recovery). It measures the largest percentage drawdown that has occurred in any fund’s data record.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The maximum DrawDown over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is -23.8 days, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (-33.5 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum drop from peak to valley in of -23.8 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to ACWI (-33.5 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The maximum days under water over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 152 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (373 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum days under water in of 152 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (373 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The average days under water over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 38 days, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (90 days) in the same period.
- Looking at average days under water in of 37 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (120 days).

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Global Sector Rotation Strategy are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.