The Global Sector Rotation Strategy (GSRS) provides a good diversification to our other strategies. The strategy invests in the top two performing global sectors. Global sector ETFs often display well-defined, long lasting, up or down trends which makes them a good fit rotation strategies. Another advantage of sector rotation strategies is that even in sideways markets, there are often still individual sectors that are performing well.

This strategy consists of three sub-strategies: GSRS aggressive , GSRS low-volatility and the HEDGE sub-strategies.

- CUT - Guggenheim Beacon Global Timber Equities
- KXI - iShares S&P Global Consumer Staples
- EXI - iShares S&P Global Industrials
- LIT - Global X Solactive Lithium Index
- FAN - First Trust ISE Global Wind Energy
- MOO - Market Vectors Agribusiness
- NLR - Market Vectors Nuclear Energy
- GNR - SPDR S&P Global Natural Resources
- PIO - PowerShares Palisades Global Water
- GURU - Global X Top Guru Holdings
- PKW - PowerShares Buyback Achievers
- IGF - iShares S&P Global Infrastructure Index
- REMX - Market Vectors Rare Earth Strategic Metals
- IXC - iShares S&P Global Energy Sector Index
- RWX - SPDR DJ International Real Estate
- IXG - iShares S&P Global Financials
- RXI - iShares S&P Global Consumer Discretionary
- IXJ - iShares S&P Global Healthcare Sector
- SEA - Guggenheim Delta Global Shipping Index
- IXN - iShares S&P Global Technology
- SLX - Market Vectors Global Steel
- IXP - iShares S&P Global Telecom Sector
- SOIL - GlobalX Solactive Fertilizers-Potash
- KOL - Market Vectors Global Coal
- TAN - Guggenheim MAC Global Solar Energy
- FPX - First Trust US IPO ETF
- JXI - iShares Global Utilities

'Total return, when measuring performance, is the actual rate of return of an investment or a pool of investments over a given evaluation period. Total return includes interest, capital gains, dividends and distributions realized over a given period of time. Total return accounts for two categories of return: income including interest paid by fixed-income investments, distributions or dividends and capital appreciation, representing the change in the market price of an asset.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the total return of 105.9% in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (70.4%)
- Looking at total return, or increase in value in of 12.2% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to ACWI (18%).

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (11.3%) in the period of the last 5 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 15.6% of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is greater, thus better.
- Looking at annual performance (CAGR) in of 3.9% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to ACWI (5.7%).

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (19.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the historical 30 days volatility of 9.2% of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is smaller, thus better.
- Compared with ACWI (16.7%) in the period of the last 3 years, the 30 days standard deviation of 6.3% is smaller, thus better.

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (14.4%) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside volatility of 6.6% of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is smaller, thus better.
- Looking at downside volatility in of 4.6% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (11.6%).

'The Sharpe ratio was developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, and is used to help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk. The ratio is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk. Subtracting the risk-free rate from the mean return allows an investor to better isolate the profits associated with risk-taking activities. One intuition of this calculation is that a portfolio engaging in 'zero risk' investments, such as the purchase of U.S. Treasury bills (for which the expected return is the risk-free rate), has a Sharpe ratio of exactly zero. Generally, the greater the value of the Sharpe ratio, the more attractive the risk-adjusted return.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the Sharpe Ratio of 1.41 in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (0.44)
- During the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio is 0.22, which is greater, thus better than the value of 0.19 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (0.61) in the period of the last 5 years, the excess return divided by the downside deviation of 1.99 of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is larger, thus better.
- Looking at ratio of annual return and downside deviation in of 0.31 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to ACWI (0.27).

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The Ulcer Index over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 3.57 , which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (9.93 ) in the same period.
- Compared with ACWI (11 ) in the period of the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 3.9 is lower, thus better.

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the maximum DrawDown of -16.8 days in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (-33.5 days)
- During the last 3 years, the maximum reduction from previous high is -9.2 days, which is higher, thus better than the value of -26.4 days from the benchmark.

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The maximum time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy is 463 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (516 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum days under water in of 463 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (516 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the average days under water of 113 days in the last 5 years of Global Sector Rotation Strategy, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (133 days)
- Compared with ACWI (193 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average time in days below previous high water mark of 163 days is lower, thus better.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Global Sector Rotation Strategy are hypothetical and do not account for slippage, fees or taxes.
- Results may be based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.