This is the unhedged version of our Global Market Rotation Strategy, together with the Hedge strategy it blends the hedged Global Market Rotation Strategy

'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The total return, or increase in value over 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is 181.1%, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (64.5%) in the same period.
- Looking at total return in of 61.4% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to ACWI (24.4%).

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 23% in the last 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (10.5%)
- During the last 3 years, the annual return (CAGR) is 17.3%, which is larger, thus better than the value of 7.6% from the benchmark.

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The volatility over 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is 17.9%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (18.3%) in the same period.
- Looking at historical 30 days volatility in of 21.3% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to ACWI (21.3%).

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (13.6%) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside volatility of 13.1% of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is smaller, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the downside risk is 15.9%, which is smaller, thus better than the value of 16% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of 1.14 in the last 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (0.44)
- Looking at Sharpe Ratio in of 0.7 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to ACWI (0.24).

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (0.59) in the period of the last 5 years, the excess return divided by the downside deviation of 1.56 of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is higher, thus better.
- Looking at excess return divided by the downside deviation in of 0.93 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to ACWI (0.32).

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the Ulcer Ratio of 4.77 in the last 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (6.61 )
- Looking at Downside risk index in of 6.01 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (7.99 ).

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (-33.5 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum DrawDown of -31.1 days of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is larger, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum reduction from previous high is -31.1 days, which is higher, thus better than the value of -33.5 days from the benchmark.

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The maximum time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is 98 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (373 days) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum days below previous high is 98 days, which is lower, thus better than the value of 373 days from the benchmark.

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The average time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is 18 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (90 days) in the same period.
- Compared with ACWI (120 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average days under water of 23 days is lower, thus better.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.