This is the unhedged version of our Global Market Rotation Strategy, together with the Hedge strategy it blends the hedged Global Market Rotation Strategy

'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the total return, or performance of 157.3% in the last 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (94.2%)
- Compared with ACWI (47.5%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return of 68.6% is greater, thus better.

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (14.2%) in the period of the last 5 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 20.8% of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is higher, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the annual performance (CAGR) is 19%, which is larger, thus better than the value of 13.9% from the benchmark.

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The volatility over 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is 18.3%, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark ACWI (17.9%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility is 21.5%, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 21.5% from the benchmark.

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the downside risk of 13.5% in the last 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (13.2%)
- During the last 3 years, the downside risk is 16.1%, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 15.9% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio was developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, and is used to help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk. The ratio is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk. Subtracting the risk-free rate from the mean return allows an investor to better isolate the profits associated with risk-taking activities. One intuition of this calculation is that a portfolio engaging in 'zero risk' investments, such as the purchase of U.S. Treasury bills (for which the expected return is the risk-free rate), has a Sharpe ratio of exactly zero. Generally, the greater the value of the Sharpe ratio, the more attractive the risk-adjusted return.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (0.66) in the period of the last 5 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of 1 of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is greater, thus better.
- Looking at Sharpe Ratio in of 0.77 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to ACWI (0.53).

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (0.89) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside risk / excess return profile of 1.36 of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is greater, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the downside risk / excess return profile is 1.03, which is larger, thus better than the value of 0.71 from the benchmark.

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The Ulcer Ratio over 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is 4.82 , which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark ACWI (6.26 ) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio is 6.06 , which is lower, thus better than the value of 7.08 from the benchmark.

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the maximum drop from peak to valley of -31.1 days in the last 5 years of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark ACWI (-33.5 days)
- Compared with ACWI (-33.5 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown of -31.1 days is greater, thus better.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs). Many assume Max DD Duration is the length of time between new highs during which the Max DD (magnitude) occurred. But that isn’t always the case. The Max DD duration is the longest time between peaks, period. So it could be the time when the program also had its biggest peak to valley loss (and usually is, because the program needs a long time to recover from the largest loss), but it doesn’t have to be'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (373 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 98 days of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is smaller, thus better.
- Compared with ACWI (138 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 98 days is lower, thus better.

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark ACWI (81 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average days under water of 19 days of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy is smaller, thus better.
- Looking at average time in days below previous high water mark in of 25 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to ACWI (37 days).

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of GMRS Unhedged Sub-strategy are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.