The World Country Developed strategy is a sub-strategy that picks the top country of the specified region. It is part of the World Top 4 investment strategy.

SPY SPDR S&P 500 ETF

DIA SPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF

EIRL iShares MSCI Ireland Capped

EIS iShares MSCI Israel

ENZL iShares MSCI New Zealand Investable Market

EPOL iShares MSCI Poland Index

EWA iShares MSCI Australia Index Fund

EWC iShares MSCI Canada Index Fund

EWD iShares MSCI Sweden Index

EWG iShares MSCI Germany Index

EWH iShares MSCI Hong Kong Index Fund

EWI iShares MSCI Italy Index

EWJ iShares MSCI Japan Index Fund

EWK iShares MSCI Belgium Index

EWL iShares MSCI Switzerland

EWM iShares MSCI Malaysia Index Fund

EWN iShares MSCI Netherlands Index

EWO iShares MSCI Austria Index

EWP iShares MSCI Spain Index

EWQ iShares MSCI France

EWU iShares MSCI United Kingdom Index

NORW Global X FTSE Norway 30 ETF

QQQ PowerShares Nasdaq-100 Index

From the HEDGE strategy:

GLD – SPDR Gold Shares

TLT– iShares Barclays Long-Term Treasuries (15-18yr)

Short Sectors:

SMN - ProShares UltraShort Basic Materials

ERY - Direxion Daily Energy Bear 3X ETF

SKF - ProShares UltraShort Financials

SIJ - ProShares UltraShort Industrial

REW - ProShares UltraShort Technology

RXD - ProShares UltraShort Health Car

SCC - ProShares UltraShort Consumer Service

SDP - ProShares UltraShort Utilities

SZK - ProShares UltraShort Consumer Goods

'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The total return, or performance over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 154.1%, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (62.6%) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (32.1%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return of 97.9% is higher, thus better.

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The annual return (CAGR) over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 20.5%, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (10.2%) in the same period.
- Looking at annual return (CAGR) in of 25.5% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to SPY (9.7%).

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The 30 days standard deviation over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 21.5%, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (21.5%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the volatility is 24.8%, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 24.8% from the benchmark.

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The downside volatility over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 15.3%, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (15.6%) in the same period.
- Looking at downside deviation in of 17.5% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to SPY (17.9%).

'The Sharpe ratio was developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, and is used to help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk. The ratio is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk. Subtracting the risk-free rate from the mean return allows an investor to better isolate the profits associated with risk-taking activities. One intuition of this calculation is that a portfolio engaging in 'zero risk' investments, such as the purchase of U.S. Treasury bills (for which the expected return is the risk-free rate), has a Sharpe ratio of exactly zero. Generally, the greater the value of the Sharpe ratio, the more attractive the risk-adjusted return.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The Sharpe Ratio over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 0.84, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (0.36) in the same period.
- Looking at risk / return profile (Sharpe) in of 0.93 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to SPY (0.29).

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.5) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 1.18 of World Countries Developed is larger, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation is 1.31, which is larger, thus better than the value of 0.4 from the benchmark.

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The Ulcer Index over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 6.45 , which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (8.52 ) in the same period.
- Looking at Downside risk index in of 7.27 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (10 ).

'Maximum drawdown measures the loss in any losing period during a fund’s investment record. It is defined as the percent retrenchment from a fund’s peak value to the fund’s valley value. The drawdown is in effect from the time the fund’s retrenchment begins until a new fund high is reached. The maximum drawdown encompasses both the period from the fund’s peak to the fund’s valley (length), and the time from the fund’s valley to a new fund high (recovery). It measures the largest percentage drawdown that has occurred in any fund’s data record.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum reduction from previous high of -28.6 days of World Countries Developed is higher, thus better.
- Compared with SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum reduction from previous high of -28.6 days is greater, thus better.

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The maximum days under water over 5 years of World Countries Developed is 240 days, which is higher, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (235 days) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum days below previous high is 240 days, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 235 days from the benchmark.

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the average days under water of 54 days in the last 5 years of World Countries Developed, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (55 days)
- Looking at average days under water in of 57 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (59 days).

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of World Countries Developed are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.