The World Country Asia strategy is a sub-strategy that picksÂ the top country of the specified region. It is part of the World Top 4 investment strategy.

ASHR Deutsche X-Trackers CSI 300 China A Shares

DBKOÂ Xtrackers MSCI South Korea Hdg Eq ETF

EIDO iShares MSCI Indonesia Index

EPHE iShares MSCI Philippines

EPI WisdomTree India Earnings Index

EWJ iShares MSCI Japan Index Fund

EWM iShares MSCI Malaysia Index Fund

EWS iShares MSCI Singapore Index

EWT iShares MSCI Taiwan Index Fund

EWY iShares MSCI South Korea Index Fund

EWZ iShares MSCI Brazil Index Fund

EZA iShares MSCI South Africa Index

FXI iShares FTSE China 25 Index Fund

IDX Market Vectors Indonesia

THD iShares MSCI Thailand Index

VNM Market Vectors Vietnam

From the HEDGE strategy:

GLDÂ â€“Â SPDR Gold Shares

TLTâ€“Â iShares Barclays Long-Term Treasuries (15-18yr)

Short Sectors:

SMNÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Basic Materials

ERYÂ -Â Direxion Daily Energy Bear 3X ETF

SKFÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Financials

SIJÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Industrial

REWÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Technology

RXDÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Health Car

SCCÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Consumer Service

SDPÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Utilities

SZKÂ -Â ProShares UltraShort Consumer Goods

'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The total return, or performance over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 145.3%, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (100.7%) in the same period.
- Looking at total return, or increase in value in of 50.5% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to SPY (33.2%).

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The annual return (CAGR) over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 19.7%, which is higher, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (15%) in the same period.
- Looking at compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) in of 14.6% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to SPY (10%).

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The volatility over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 17.9%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (20.9%) in the same period.
- Looking at 30 days standard deviation in of 15.2% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to SPY (17.3%).

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (15%) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside deviation of 12.6% of World Countries Asia is lower, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the downside risk is 10.6%, which is smaller, thus better than the value of 12% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The Sharpe Ratio over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 0.96, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (0.6) in the same period.
- Looking at risk / return profile (Sharpe) in of 0.8 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to SPY (0.44).

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The ratio of annual return and downside deviation over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 1.36, which is higher, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (0.83) in the same period.
- Looking at downside risk / excess return profile in of 1.14 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to SPY (0.62).

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (9.32 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Downside risk index of 11 of World Countries Asia is higher, thus worse.
- Looking at Ulcer Ratio in of 14 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to SPY (10 ).

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley of -29.3 days of World Countries Asia is higher, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown is -29.3 days, which is lower, thus worse than the value of -24.5 days from the benchmark.

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The maximum days under water over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 434 days, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (488 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum time in days below previous high water mark in of 434 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to SPY (488 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The average days under water over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 104 days, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (123 days) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (180 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average days below previous high of 149 days is lower, thus better.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of World Countries Asia are hypothetical and do not account for slippage, fees or taxes.
- Results may be based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.