Description

The World Country Asia strategy is a sub-strategy that picks the top country of the specified region. It is part of the World Top 4 investment strategy.

Methodology & Assets

ASHR Deutsche X-Trackers CSI 300 China A Shares
DBKO Xtrackers MSCI South Korea Hdg Eq ETF
EIDO iShares MSCI Indonesia Index
EPHE iShares MSCI Philippines
EPI WisdomTree India Earnings Index
EWJ iShares MSCI Japan Index Fund
EWM iShares MSCI Malaysia Index Fund
EWS iShares MSCI Singapore Index
EWT iShares MSCI Taiwan Index Fund
EWY iShares MSCI South Korea Index Fund
EWZ iShares MSCI Brazil Index Fund
EZA iShares MSCI South Africa Index
FXI iShares FTSE China 25 Index Fund
IDX Market Vectors Indonesia
THD iShares MSCI Thailand Index
VNM Market Vectors Vietnam

From the HEDGE strategy:
GLD – SPDR Gold Shares
TLT– iShares Barclays Long-Term Treasuries (15-18yr)

Short Sectors:

SMN - ProShares UltraShort Basic Materials
ERY - Direxion Daily Energy Bear 3X ETF
SKF - ProShares UltraShort Financials
SIJ - ProShares UltraShort Industrial
REW - ProShares UltraShort Technology
RXD - ProShares UltraShort Health Car
SCC - ProShares UltraShort Consumer Service
SDP - ProShares UltraShort Utilities
SZK - ProShares UltraShort Consumer Goods

Statistics (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

TotalReturn:

'Total return, when measuring performance, is the actual rate of return of an investment or a pool of investments over a given evaluation period. Total return includes interest, capital gains, dividends and distributions realized over a given period of time. Total return accounts for two categories of return: income including interest paid by fixed-income investments, distributions or dividends and capital appreciation, representing the change in the market price of an asset.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (75.6%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return, or increase in value of 9.8% of World Countries Asia is smaller, thus worse.
  • Looking at total return, or performance in of -2.6% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to SPY (40%).

CAGR:

'The compound annual growth rate isn't a true return rate, but rather a representational figure. It is essentially a number that describes the rate at which an investment would have grown if it had grown the same rate every year and the profits were reinvested at the end of each year. In reality, this sort of performance is unlikely. However, CAGR can be used to smooth returns so that they may be more easily understood when compared to alternative investments.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (11.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 1.9% of World Countries Asia is smaller, thus worse.
  • Looking at annual performance (CAGR) in of -0.9% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to SPY (11.9%).

Volatility:

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The volatility over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 18.5%, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (20.3%) in the same period.
  • During the last 3 years, the volatility is 21.6%, which is smaller, thus better than the value of 23.6% from the benchmark.

DownVol:

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (14.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside risk of 13.3% of World Countries Asia is lower, thus better.
  • Compared with SPY (17.3%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside deviation of 15.7% is lower, thus better.

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.46) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of -0.03 of World Countries Asia is lower, thus worse.
  • Compared with SPY (0.4) in the period of the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio of -0.16 is lower, thus worse.

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.63) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of -0.05 of World Countries Asia is smaller, thus worse.
  • Compared with SPY (0.54) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside risk / excess return profile of -0.22 is lower, thus worse.

Ulcer:

'Ulcer Index is a method for measuring investment risk that addresses the real concerns of investors, unlike the widely used standard deviation of return. UI is a measure of the depth and duration of drawdowns in prices from earlier highs. Using Ulcer Index instead of standard deviation can lead to very different conclusions about investment risk and risk-adjusted return, especially when evaluating strategies that seek to avoid major declines in portfolio value (market timing, dynamic asset allocation, hedge funds, etc.). The Ulcer Index was originally developed in 1987. Since then, it has been widely recognized and adopted by the investment community. According to Nelson Freeburg, editor of Formula Research, Ulcer Index is “perhaps the most fully realized statistical portrait of risk there is.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The Ulcer Index over 5 years of World Countries Asia is 12 , which is higher, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (6.62 ) in the same period.
  • Compared with SPY (7.55 ) in the period of the last 3 years, the Downside risk index of 12 is greater, thus worse.

MaxDD:

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • The maximum reduction from previous high over 5 years of World Countries Asia is -45.6 days, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the same period.
  • Compared with SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley of -41.4 days is smaller, thus worse.

MaxDuration:

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (139 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum days below previous high of 695 days of World Countries Asia is greater, thus worse.
  • Looking at maximum days below previous high in of 352 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to SPY (120 days).

AveDuration:

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (37 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average days under water of 237 days of World Countries Asia is larger, thus worse.
  • Looking at average days below previous high in of 140 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to SPY (31 days).

Performance (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations ()

Allocations

Returns (%)

  • Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of World Countries Asia are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.