Statistics (YTD)

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TotalReturn:

'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (81.5%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return, or increase in value of 15% of is lower, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the total return, or performance is 9.7%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 48.1% from the benchmark.

CAGR:

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the annual return (CAGR) of 2.8% in the last 5 years of , we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (12.7%)
  • Compared with SPY (14%) in the period of the last 3 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 3.2% is lower, thus worse.

Volatility:

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The 30 days standard deviation over 5 years of is 6.9%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (20.5%) in the same period.
  • Looking at 30 days standard deviation in of 7% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to SPY (23.8%).

DownVol:

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • The downside deviation over 5 years of is 4.7%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (15%) in the same period.
  • Compared with SPY (17.3%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside volatility of 4.8% is lower, thus better.

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.5) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 0.05 of is smaller, thus worse.
  • Compared with SPY (0.48) in the period of the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio of 0.09 is smaller, thus worse.

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • The downside risk / excess return profile over 5 years of is 0.07, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (0.68) in the same period.
  • Looking at excess return divided by the downside deviation in of 0.14 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.66).

Ulcer:

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the Ulcer Ratio of 5.8 in the last 5 years of , we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (7.13 )
  • Looking at Ulcer Ratio in of 7.16 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (8.25 ).

MaxDD:

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the maximum DrawDown of -13.3 days in the last 5 years of , we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days)
  • During the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown is -13.3 days, which is larger, thus better than the value of -33.7 days from the benchmark.

MaxDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (150 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum days below previous high of 528 days of is larger, thus worse.
  • Looking at maximum days under water in of 528 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to SPY (150 days).

AveDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the average time in days below previous high water mark of 135 days in the last 5 years of , we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (41 days)
  • Looking at average time in days below previous high water mark in of 201 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to SPY (36 days).

Performance (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations ()

Allocations

Returns (%)

  • Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.