'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investmentâ€™s overall performance.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (60.7%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return, or performance of 185.8% of Liberty Interactive Ventures is higher, thus better.
- Compared with SPY (29.5%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return, or increase in value of 33.7% is higher, thus better.

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (10%) in the period of the last 5 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 23.4% of Liberty Interactive Ventures is higher, thus better.
- Compared with SPY (9%) in the period of the last 3 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 10.2% is larger, thus better.

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (20.8%) in the period of the last 5 years, the historical 30 days volatility of 26.9% of Liberty Interactive Ventures is larger, thus worse.
- Looking at volatility in of 25.2% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to SPY (24%).

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the downside deviation of 18.4% in the last 5 years of Liberty Interactive Ventures, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (15.3%)
- Looking at downside risk in of 17.6% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to SPY (17.6%).

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.36) in the period of the last 5 years, the Sharpe Ratio of 0.78 of Liberty Interactive Ventures is larger, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) is 0.3, which is higher, thus better than the value of 0.27 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The downside risk / excess return profile over 5 years of Liberty Interactive Ventures is 1.14, which is higher, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (0.49) in the same period.
- Looking at ratio of annual return and downside deviation in of 0.43 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to SPY (0.37).

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the Downside risk index of 9.46 in the last 5 years of Liberty Interactive Ventures, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (7.52 )
- During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Index is 10 , which is higher, thus worse than the value of 8.81 from the benchmark.

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley of -26.6 days of Liberty Interactive Ventures is higher, thus better.
- Looking at maximum DrawDown in of -26.6 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to SPY (-33.7 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the maximum days below previous high of 315 days in the last 5 years of Liberty Interactive Ventures, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (182 days)
- During the last 3 years, the maximum days under water is 315 days, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 182 days from the benchmark.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (45 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average days under water of 74 days of Liberty Interactive Ventures is higher, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the average time in days below previous high water mark is 101 days, which is higher, thus worse than the value of 43 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
[Show Details]

- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Liberty Interactive Ventures are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.