Description of BioMarin Pharmaceutical

BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc. - Common Stock

Statistics of BioMarin Pharmaceutical (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

TotalReturn:

'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (65.6%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return of 10.7% of BioMarin Pharmaceutical is lower, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the total return is -22.1%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 48.8% from the benchmark.

CAGR:

'The compound annual growth rate isn't a true return rate, but rather a representational figure. It is essentially a number that describes the rate at which an investment would have grown if it had grown the same rate every year and the profits were reinvested at the end of each year. In reality, this sort of performance is unlikely. However, CAGR can be used to smooth returns so that they may be more easily understood when compared to alternative investments.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Looking at the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.1% in the last 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (10.6%)
  • During the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) is -8%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 14.2% from the benchmark.

Volatility:

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (13.6%) in the period of the last 5 years, the volatility of 37.2% of BioMarin Pharmaceutical is greater, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the 30 days standard deviation is 31.4%, which is higher, thus worse than the value of 12.8% from the benchmark.

DownVol:

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Looking at the downside risk of 35.6% in the last 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (15%)
  • During the last 3 years, the downside volatility is 30.1%, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 14.6% from the benchmark.

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio was developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, and is used to help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk. The ratio is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk. Subtracting the risk-free rate from the mean return allows an investor to better isolate the profits associated with risk-taking activities. One intuition of this calculation is that a portfolio engaging in 'zero risk' investments, such as the purchase of U.S. Treasury bills (for which the expected return is the risk-free rate), has a Sharpe ratio of exactly zero. Generally, the greater the value of the Sharpe ratio, the more attractive the risk-adjusted return.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of -0.01 in the last 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.6)
  • Looking at Sharpe Ratio in of -0.33 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.91).

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the downside risk / excess return profile of -0.01 in the last 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.54)
  • During the last 3 years, the excess return divided by the downside deviation is -0.35, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 0.8 from the benchmark.

Ulcer:

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The Ulcer Ratio over 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical is 36 , which is higher, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (4.03 ) in the same period.
  • Looking at Ulcer Ratio in of 14 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to SPY (4.1 ).

MaxDD:

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The maximum DrawDown over 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical is -56.6 days, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (-19.3 days) in the same period.
  • During the last 3 years, the maximum DrawDown is -32.4 days, which is lower, thus worse than the value of -19.3 days from the benchmark.

MaxDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Looking at the maximum days under water of 1048 days in the last 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (187 days)
  • Compared with SPY (139 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum days under water of 252 days is higher, thus worse.

AveDuration:

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The average days below previous high over 5 years of BioMarin Pharmaceutical is 458 days, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (41 days) in the same period.
  • Looking at average time in days below previous high water mark in of 104 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to SPY (35 days).

Performance of BioMarin Pharmaceutical (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations of BioMarin Pharmaceutical
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Allocations

Returns of BioMarin Pharmaceutical (%)

  • "Year" returns in the table above are not equal to the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of BioMarin Pharmaceutical are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.