Description of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF

Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF

Statistics of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

TotalReturn:

'Total return, when measuring performance, is the actual rate of return of an investment or a pool of investments over a given evaluation period. Total return includes interest, capital gains, dividends and distributions realized over a given period of time. Total return accounts for two categories of return: income including interest paid by fixed-income investments, distributions or dividends and capital appreciation, representing the change in the market price of an asset.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the total return of -12.5% in the last 5 years of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (64.1%)
  • During the last 3 years, the total return, or performance is 8.5%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 48.1% from the benchmark.

CAGR:

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Looking at the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of -2.7% in the last 5 years of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (10.4%)
  • Compared with SPY (14%) in the period of the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.8% is smaller, thus worse.

Volatility:

'In finance, volatility (symbol σ) is the degree of variation of a trading price series over time as measured by the standard deviation of logarithmic returns. Historic volatility measures a time series of past market prices. Implied volatility looks forward in time, being derived from the market price of a market-traded derivative (in particular, an option). Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (13.6%) in the period of the last 5 years, the historical 30 days volatility of 17.6% of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is larger, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the volatility is 15.7%, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 12.8% from the benchmark.

DownVol:

'Downside risk is the financial risk associated with losses. That is, it is the risk of the actual return being below the expected return, or the uncertainty about the magnitude of that difference. Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The downside deviation over 5 years of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is 18.5%, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (14.9%) in the same period.
  • Looking at downside volatility in of 16.4% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to SPY (14.5%).

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.58) in the period of the last 5 years, the Sharpe Ratio of -0.3 of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is smaller, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio is 0.02, which is smaller, thus worse than the value of 0.9 from the benchmark.

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • The downside risk / excess return profile over 5 years of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is -0.28, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (0.53) in the same period.
  • Compared with SPY (0.79) in the period of the last 3 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 0.02 is smaller, thus worse.

Ulcer:

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (4.02 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 16 of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is higher, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Index is 8.74 , which is greater, thus worse than the value of 4.09 from the benchmark.

MaxDD:

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Looking at the maximum DrawDown of -34 days in the last 5 years of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (-19.3 days)
  • Compared with SPY (-19.3 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum reduction from previous high of -22.2 days is lower, thus worse.

MaxDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (187 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 1099 days of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is greater, thus worse.
  • Looking at maximum time in days below previous high water mark in of 403 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to SPY (139 days).

AveDuration:

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (41 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average days under water of 508 days of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF is higher, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the average days under water is 136 days, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 35 days from the benchmark.

Performance of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF
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Allocations

Returns of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF (%)

  • "Year" returns in the table above are not equal to the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of Global X Fertilizers/Potash ETF are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.