'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (67.7%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return, or increase in value of % of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF is lower, thus worse.
- Compared with SPY (37%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return of % is lower, thus worse.

'The compound annual growth rate isn't a true return rate, but rather a representational figure. It is essentially a number that describes the rate at which an investment would have grown if it had grown the same rate every year and the profits were reinvested at the end of each year. In reality, this sort of performance is unlikely. However, CAGR can be used to smooth returns so that they may be more easily understood when compared to alternative investments.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) over 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF is %, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (10.9%) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (11.1%) in the period of the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of % is lower, thus worse.

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The volatility over 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF is %, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (21.4%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility is %, which is lower, thus better than the value of 24.8% from the benchmark.

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The downside risk over 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF is %, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (15.5%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the downside volatility is %, which is lower, thus better than the value of 17.9% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of in the last 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.39)
- Looking at ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) in of in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.34).

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the excess return divided by the downside deviation of in the last 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.54)
- Looking at ratio of annual return and downside deviation in of in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.48).

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the Downside risk index of in the last 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (8.47 )
- Compared with SPY (10 ) in the period of the last 3 years, the Ulcer Index of is smaller, thus better.

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The maximum DrawDown over 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF is days, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum reduction from previous high of days is smaller, thus worse.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs). Many assume Max DD Duration is the length of time between new highs during which the Max DD (magnitude) occurred. But that isn’t always the case. The Max DD duration is the longest time between peaks, period. So it could be the time when the program also had its biggest peak to valley loss (and usually is, because the program needs a long time to recover from the largest loss), but it doesn’t have to be'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The maximum days under water over 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF is days, which is smaller, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (231 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum days under water in of days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (231 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the average days under water of days in the last 5 years of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (54 days)
- During the last 3 years, the average days under water is days, which is smaller, thus better than the value of 58 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of iShares Virtual Work and Life Multisector ETF are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.