Description of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF

iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF

Statistics of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF (YTD)

What do these metrics mean? [Read More] [Hide]

TotalReturn:

'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • The total return over 5 years of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is 47.4%, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (67.3%) in the same period.
  • During the last 3 years, the total return is 43.9%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 46.1% from the benchmark.

CAGR:

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (10.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 8.1% of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is lower, thus worse.
  • Compared with SPY (13.5%) in the period of the last 3 years, the annual performance (CAGR) of 12.9% is lower, thus worse.

Volatility:

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the volatility of 15.2% in the last 5 years of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (13.2%)
  • Compared with SPY (12.4%) in the period of the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility of 14.7% is greater, thus worse.

DownVol:

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (14.6%) in the period of the last 5 years, the downside deviation of 15.4% of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is higher, thus worse.
  • Compared with SPY (14%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside risk of 15.4% is larger, thus worse.

Sharpe:

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.63) in the period of the last 5 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of 0.37 of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is lower, thus worse.
  • During the last 3 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) is 0.71, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 0.88 from the benchmark.

Sortino:

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:
  • Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.57) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 0.36 of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is smaller, thus worse.
  • Looking at excess return divided by the downside deviation in of 0.68 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.79).

Ulcer:

'Ulcer Index is a method for measuring investment risk that addresses the real concerns of investors, unlike the widely used standard deviation of return. UI is a measure of the depth and duration of drawdowns in prices from earlier highs. Using Ulcer Index instead of standard deviation can lead to very different conclusions about investment risk and risk-adjusted return, especially when evaluating strategies that seek to avoid major declines in portfolio value (market timing, dynamic asset allocation, hedge funds, etc.). The Ulcer Index was originally developed in 1987. Since then, it has been widely recognized and adopted by the investment community. According to Nelson Freeburg, editor of Formula Research, Ulcer Index is “perhaps the most fully realized statistical portrait of risk there is.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • Looking at the Ulcer Ratio of 7.82 in the last 5 years of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (3.95 )
  • During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio is 6.53 , which is larger, thus better than the value of 4 from the benchmark.

MaxDD:

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Which means for our asset as example:
  • The maximum reduction from previous high over 5 years of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is -23.2 days, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (-19.3 days) in the same period.
  • Looking at maximum DrawDown in of -17.5 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to SPY (-19.3 days).

MaxDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs). Many assume Max DD Duration is the length of time between new highs during which the Max DD (magnitude) occurred. But that isn’t always the case. The Max DD duration is the longest time between peaks, period. So it could be the time when the program also had its biggest peak to valley loss (and usually is, because the program needs a long time to recover from the largest loss), but it doesn’t have to be'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • The maximum time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF is 478 days, which is higher, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (187 days) in the same period.
  • Looking at maximum time in days below previous high water mark in of 215 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to SPY (131 days).

AveDuration:

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:
  • Looking at the average days below previous high of 128 days in the last 5 years of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (39 days)
  • Compared with SPY (33 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average time in days below previous high water mark of 55 days is greater, thus worse.

Performance of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF (YTD)

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.

Allocations of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF
()

Allocations

Returns of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF (%)

  • "Year" returns in the table above are not equal to the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
  • Performance results of iShares MSCI New Zealand ETF are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.