'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (72.5%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return, or performance of 30.5% of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is lower, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the total return, or increase in value is 43.5%, which is higher, thus better than the value of 34.1% from the benchmark.

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the annual return (CAGR) of 8.6% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (11.5%)
- Looking at annual performance (CAGR) in of 22.3% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to SPY (10.3%).

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (18.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the historical 30 days volatility of 19.3% of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is greater, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the volatility is 18.2%, which is lower, thus better than the value of 22.6% from the benchmark.

'The downside volatility is similar to the volatility, or standard deviation, but only takes losing/negative periods into account.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the downside volatility of 13.5% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (13.8%)
- Compared with SPY (16.7%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside deviation of 12.8% is smaller, thus better.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.48) in the period of the last 5 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) of 0.32 of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is lower, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) is 1.09, which is larger, thus better than the value of 0.34 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 0.45 in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.65)
- During the last 3 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation is 1.55, which is greater, thus better than the value of 0.47 from the benchmark.

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the Ulcer Ratio of 11 in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (5.83 )
- Compared with SPY (7.13 ) in the period of the last 3 years, the Downside risk index of 7.45 is greater, thus worse.

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the maximum drop from peak to valley of -27.4 days in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days)
- Looking at maximum reduction from previous high in of -18.9 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to SPY (-33.7 days).

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (139 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum days under water of 320 days of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is greater, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark is 153 days, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 139 days from the benchmark.

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (37 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the average days under water of 93 days of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is higher, thus worse.
- During the last 3 years, the average days under water is 39 days, which is lower, thus better than the value of 45 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.