'The total return on a portfolio of investments takes into account not only the capital appreciation on the portfolio, but also the income received on the portfolio. The income typically consists of interest, dividends, and securities lending fees. This contrasts with the price return, which takes into account only the capital gain on an investment.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the total return, or increase in value of 29.8% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (58.9%)
- During the last 3 years, the total return is 43.5%, which is larger, thus better than the value of 33.9% from the benchmark.

'The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a useful measure of growth over multiple time periods. It can be thought of as the growth rate that gets you from the initial investment value to the ending investment value if you assume that the investment has been compounding over the time period.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.4% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (9.7%)
- During the last 3 years, the annual performance (CAGR) is 22.3%, which is greater, thus better than the value of 10.2% from the benchmark.

'Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security. In the securities markets, volatility is often associated with big swings in either direction. For example, when the stock market rises and falls more than one percent over a sustained period of time, it is called a 'volatile' market.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the historical 30 days volatility of 19.3% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (21.6%)
- During the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility is 18.2%, which is lower, thus better than the value of 25% from the benchmark.

'Downside risk is the financial risk associated with losses. That is, it is the risk of the actual return being below the expected return, or the uncertainty about the magnitude of that difference. Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The downside risk over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is 13.6%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (15.7%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the downside volatility is 12.8%, which is lower, thus better than the value of 18.1% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (0.33) in the period of the last 5 years, the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 0.31 of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is smaller, thus worse.
- Looking at ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) in of 1.09 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to SPY (0.31).

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The downside risk / excess return profile over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is 0.44, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (0.46) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (0.43) in the period of the last 3 years, the ratio of annual return and downside deviation of 1.55 is larger, thus better.

'The ulcer index is a stock market risk measure or technical analysis indicator devised by Peter Martin in 1987, and published by him and Byron McCann in their 1989 book The Investors Guide to Fidelity Funds. It's designed as a measure of volatility, but only volatility in the downward direction, i.e. the amount of drawdown or retracement occurring over a period. Other volatility measures like standard deviation treat up and down movement equally, but a trader doesn't mind upward movement, it's the downside that causes stress and stomach ulcers that the index's name suggests.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (8.91 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Ulcer Ratio of 11 of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is higher, thus worse.
- Looking at Ulcer Index in of 7.45 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to SPY (11 ).

'A maximum drawdown is the maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before a new peak is attained. Maximum Drawdown is an indicator of downside risk over a specified time period. It can be used both as a stand-alone measure or as an input into other metrics such as 'Return over Maximum Drawdown' and the Calmar Ratio. Maximum Drawdown is expressed in percentage terms.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the maximum DrawDown of -27.4 days in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days)
- Compared with SPY (-33.7 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum reduction from previous high of -18.9 days is higher, thus better.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The maximum days under water over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is 320 days, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (271 days) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum days below previous high is 153 days, which is lower, thus better than the value of 271 days from the benchmark.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The average days below previous high over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is 93 days, which is higher, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (60 days) in the same period.
- Looking at average time in days below previous high water mark in of 39 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (72 days).

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.