'Total return, when measuring performance, is the actual rate of return of an investment or a pool of investments over a given evaluation period. Total return includes interest, capital gains, dividends and distributions realized over a given period of time. Total return accounts for two categories of return: income including interest paid by fixed-income investments, distributions or dividends and capital appreciation, representing the change in the market price of an asset.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the total return, or increase in value of 29.8% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (122.7%)
- Looking at total return in of 43.5% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to SPY (65.3%).

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the annual performance (CAGR) of 8.4% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (17.4%)
- Compared with SPY (18.2%) in the period of the last 3 years, the annual return (CAGR) of 22.3% is greater, thus better.

'In finance, volatility (symbol σ) is the degree of variation of a trading price series over time as measured by the standard deviation of logarithmic returns. Historic volatility measures a time series of past market prices. Implied volatility looks forward in time, being derived from the market price of a market-traded derivative (in particular, an option). Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the volatility of 19.3% in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively higher, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (18.7%)
- Looking at 30 days standard deviation in of 18.2% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (22.5%).

'Downside risk is the financial risk associated with losses. That is, it is the risk of the actual return being below the expected return, or the uncertainty about the magnitude of that difference. Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The downside risk over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is 13.6%, which is greater, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (13.6%) in the same period.
- Looking at downside deviation in of 12.8% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to SPY (16.3%).

'The Sharpe ratio was developed by Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, and is used to help investors understand the return of an investment compared to its risk. The ratio is the average return earned in excess of the risk-free rate per unit of volatility or total risk. Subtracting the risk-free rate from the mean return allows an investor to better isolate the profits associated with risk-taking activities. One intuition of this calculation is that a portfolio engaging in 'zero risk' investments, such as the purchase of U.S. Treasury bills (for which the expected return is the risk-free rate), has a Sharpe ratio of exactly zero. Generally, the greater the value of the Sharpe ratio, the more attractive the risk-adjusted return.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The risk / return profile (Sharpe) over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is 0.31, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (0.8) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio is 1.09, which is higher, thus better than the value of 0.7 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio improves upon the Sharpe ratio by isolating downside volatility from total volatility by dividing excess return by the downside deviation. The Sortino ratio is a variation of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful volatility from total overall volatility by using the asset's standard deviation of negative asset returns, called downside deviation. The Sortino ratio takes the asset's return and subtracts the risk-free rate, and then divides that amount by the asset's downside deviation. The ratio was named after Frank A. Sortino.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (1.1) in the period of the last 5 years, the excess return divided by the downside deviation of 0.44 of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is lower, thus worse.
- Compared with SPY (0.96) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside risk / excess return profile of 1.55 is higher, thus better.

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the Ulcer Ratio of 11 in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (5.58 )
- Looking at Ulcer Index in of 7.45 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to SPY (6.83 ).

'Maximum drawdown is defined as the peak-to-trough decline of an investment during a specific period. It is usually quoted as a percentage of the peak value. The maximum drawdown can be calculated based on absolute returns, in order to identify strategies that suffer less during market downturns, such as low-volatility strategies. However, the maximum drawdown can also be calculated based on returns relative to a benchmark index, for identifying strategies that show steady outperformance over time.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The maximum drop from peak to valley over 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is -27.4 days, which is larger, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the maximum drop from peak to valley is -18.9 days, which is greater, thus better than the value of -33.7 days from the benchmark.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (139 days) in the period of the last 5 years, the maximum days below previous high of 320 days of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF is higher, thus worse.
- Compared with SPY (139 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum days under water of 153 days is larger, thus worse.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the average time in days below previous high water mark of 93 days in the last 5 years of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (33 days)
- During the last 3 years, the average days under water is 39 days, which is larger, thus worse than the value of 35 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of Xtrackers MSCI Asia Pacific ex Japan Hedged Equity ETF are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.