'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (58.9%) in the period of the last 5 years, the total return of 4.9% of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is lower, thus worse.
- Looking at total return, or increase in value in of -6.4% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively smaller, thus worse in comparison to SPY (33.9%).

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The annual performance (CAGR) over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is 1%, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (9.7%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) is -2.2%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 10.2% from the benchmark.

'Volatility is a rate at which the price of a security increases or decreases for a given set of returns. Volatility is measured by calculating the standard deviation of the annualized returns over a given period of time. It shows the range to which the price of a security may increase or decrease. Volatility measures the risk of a security. It is used in option pricing formula to gauge the fluctuations in the returns of the underlying assets. Volatility indicates the pricing behavior of the security and helps estimate the fluctuations that may happen in a short period of time.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The historical 30 days volatility over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is 5.3%, which is lower, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (21.6%) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the historical 30 days volatility is 6.5%, which is lower, thus better than the value of 25% from the benchmark.

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the downside risk of 4.1% in the last 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (15.7%)
- Compared with SPY (18.1%) in the period of the last 3 years, the downside risk of 5.1% is lower, thus better.

'The Sharpe ratio (also known as the Sharpe index, the Sharpe measure, and the reward-to-variability ratio) is a way to examine the performance of an investment by adjusting for its risk. The ratio measures the excess return (or risk premium) per unit of deviation in an investment asset or a trading strategy, typically referred to as risk, named after William F. Sharpe.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is -0.29, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (0.33) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Sharpe Ratio is -0.72, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 0.31 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio measures the risk-adjusted return of an investment asset, portfolio, or strategy. It is a modification of the Sharpe ratio but penalizes only those returns falling below a user-specified target or required rate of return, while the Sharpe ratio penalizes both upside and downside volatility equally. Though both ratios measure an investment's risk-adjusted return, they do so in significantly different ways that will frequently lead to differing conclusions as to the true nature of the investment's return-generating efficiency. The Sortino ratio is used as a way to compare the risk-adjusted performance of programs with differing risk and return profiles. In general, risk-adjusted returns seek to normalize the risk across programs and then see which has the higher return unit per risk.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The excess return divided by the downside deviation over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is -0.38, which is smaller, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (0.46) in the same period.
- Looking at excess return divided by the downside deviation in of -0.93 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.43).

'Ulcer Index is a method for measuring investment risk that addresses the real concerns of investors, unlike the widely used standard deviation of return. UI is a measure of the depth and duration of drawdowns in prices from earlier highs. Using Ulcer Index instead of standard deviation can lead to very different conclusions about investment risk and risk-adjusted return, especially when evaluating strategies that seek to avoid major declines in portfolio value (market timing, dynamic asset allocation, hedge funds, etc.). The Ulcer Index was originally developed in 1987. Since then, it has been widely recognized and adopted by the investment community. According to Nelson Freeburg, editor of Formula Research, Ulcer Index is “perhaps the most fully realized statistical portrait of risk there is.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Compared with the benchmark SPY (8.91 ) in the period of the last 5 years, the Ulcer Index of 5.99 of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is smaller, thus better.
- During the last 3 years, the Ulcer Ratio is 7.7 , which is lower, thus better than the value of 11 from the benchmark.

'Maximum drawdown measures the loss in any losing period during a fund’s investment record. It is defined as the percent retrenchment from a fund’s peak value to the fund’s valley value. The drawdown is in effect from the time the fund’s retrenchment begins until a new fund high is reached. The maximum drawdown encompasses both the period from the fund’s peak to the fund’s valley (length), and the time from the fund’s valley to a new fund high (recovery). It measures the largest percentage drawdown that has occurred in any fund’s data record.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- The maximum DrawDown over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is -19.7 days, which is greater, thus better compared to the benchmark SPY (-33.7 days) in the same period.
- Looking at maximum DrawDown in of -19.7 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively higher, thus better in comparison to SPY (-33.7 days).

'The Maximum Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. It is the length of time the account was in the Max Drawdown. A Max Drawdown measures a retrenchment from when an equity curve reaches a new high. It’s the maximum an account lost during that retrenchment. This method is applied because a valley can’t be measured until a new high occurs. Once the new high is reached, the percentage change from the old high to the bottom of the largest trough is recorded.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- The maximum days below previous high over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is 377 days, which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (271 days) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (271 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum days under water of 377 days is higher, thus worse.

'The Average Drawdown Duration is an extension of the Maximum Drawdown. However, this metric does not explain the drawdown in dollars or percentages, rather in days, weeks, or months. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The average time in days below previous high water mark over 5 years of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund is 92 days, which is greater, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (60 days) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (72 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the average days below previous high of 122 days is larger, thus worse.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- Note that yearly returns do not equal the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of PIMCO Active Bond Exchange-Traded Fund Exchange-Traded Fund are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.