'Total return is the amount of value an investor earns from a security over a specific period, typically one year, when all distributions are reinvested. Total return is expressed as a percentage of the amount invested. For example, a total return of 20% means the security increased by 20% of its original value due to a price increase, distribution of dividends (if a stock), coupons (if a bond) or capital gains (if a fund). Total return is a strong measure of an investment’s overall performance.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The total return, or increase in value over 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund is 21.3%, which is lower, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (66.7%) in the same period.
- Compared with SPY (46%) in the period of the last 3 years, the total return, or performance of 4.5% is lower, thus worse.

'Compound annual growth rate (CAGR) is a business and investing specific term for the geometric progression ratio that provides a constant rate of return over the time period. CAGR is not an accounting term, but it is often used to describe some element of the business, for example revenue, units delivered, registered users, etc. CAGR dampens the effect of volatility of periodic returns that can render arithmetic means irrelevant. It is particularly useful to compare growth rates from various data sets of common domain such as revenue growth of companies in the same industry.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.9% in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (10.8%)
- During the last 3 years, the annual performance (CAGR) is 1.5%, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 13.5% from the benchmark.

'In finance, volatility (symbol σ) is the degree of variation of a trading price series over time as measured by the standard deviation of logarithmic returns. Historic volatility measures a time series of past market prices. Implied volatility looks forward in time, being derived from the market price of a market-traded derivative (in particular, an option). Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the volatility of 7% in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (13.4%)
- Looking at volatility in of 6.4% in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus better in comparison to SPY (12.3%).

'Risk measures typically quantify the downside risk, whereas the standard deviation (an example of a deviation risk measure) measures both the upside and downside risk. Specifically, downside risk in our definition is the semi-deviation, that is the standard deviation of all negative returns.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the downside risk of 7.3% in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively smaller, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (14.6%)
- During the last 3 years, the downside deviation is 6.5%, which is lower, thus better than the value of 13.9% from the benchmark.

'The Sharpe ratio is the measure of risk-adjusted return of a financial portfolio. Sharpe ratio is a measure of excess portfolio return over the risk-free rate relative to its standard deviation. Normally, the 90-day Treasury bill rate is taken as the proxy for risk-free rate. A portfolio with a higher Sharpe ratio is considered superior relative to its peers. The measure was named after William F Sharpe, a Nobel laureate and professor of finance, emeritus at Stanford University.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the ratio of return and volatility (Sharpe) of 0.21 in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.62)
- During the last 3 years, the risk / return profile (Sharpe) is -0.16, which is lower, thus worse than the value of 0.89 from the benchmark.

'The Sortino ratio, a variation of the Sharpe ratio only factors in the downside, or negative volatility, rather than the total volatility used in calculating the Sharpe ratio. The theory behind the Sortino variation is that upside volatility is a plus for the investment, and it, therefore, should not be included in the risk calculation. Therefore, the Sortino ratio takes upside volatility out of the equation and uses only the downside standard deviation in its calculation instead of the total standard deviation that is used in calculating the Sharpe ratio.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the downside risk / excess return profile of 0.2 in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (0.57)
- Looking at ratio of annual return and downside deviation in of -0.16 in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively lower, thus worse in comparison to SPY (0.79).

'The Ulcer Index is a technical indicator that measures downside risk, in terms of both the depth and duration of price declines. The index increases in value as the price moves farther away from a recent high and falls as the price rises to new highs. The indicator is usually calculated over a 14-day period, with the Ulcer Index showing the percentage drawdown a trader can expect from the high over that period. The greater the value of the Ulcer Index, the longer it takes for a stock to get back to the former high.'

Which means for our asset as example:- The Ulcer Index over 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund is 5.32 , which is larger, thus worse compared to the benchmark SPY (3.99 ) in the same period.
- During the last 3 years, the Downside risk index is 6.16 , which is larger, thus worse than the value of 4.04 from the benchmark.

'Maximum drawdown measures the loss in any losing period during a fund’s investment record. It is defined as the percent retrenchment from a fund’s peak value to the fund’s valley value. The drawdown is in effect from the time the fund’s retrenchment begins until a new fund high is reached. The maximum drawdown encompasses both the period from the fund’s peak to the fund’s valley (length), and the time from the fund’s valley to a new fund high (recovery). It measures the largest percentage drawdown that has occurred in any fund’s data record.'

Applying this definition to our asset in some examples:- Looking at the maximum DrawDown of -12.4 days in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively larger, thus better in comparison to the benchmark SPY (-19.3 days)
- Looking at maximum DrawDown in of -12.4 days in the period of the last 3 years, we see it is relatively greater, thus better in comparison to SPY (-19.3 days).

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Max Drawdown Duration is the worst (the maximum/longest) amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs) in days.'

Which means for our asset as example:- Looking at the maximum days below previous high of 640 days in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively greater, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (187 days)
- Compared with SPY (139 days) in the period of the last 3 years, the maximum time in days below previous high water mark of 640 days is greater, thus worse.

'The Drawdown Duration is the length of any peak to peak period, or the time between new equity highs. The Avg Drawdown Duration is the average amount of time an investment has seen between peaks (equity highs), or in other terms the average of time under water of all drawdowns. So in contrast to the Maximum duration it does not measure only one drawdown event but calculates the average of all.'

Using this definition on our asset we see for example:- Looking at the average days below previous high of 209 days in the last 5 years of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund, we see it is relatively larger, thus worse in comparison to the benchmark SPY (41 days)
- During the last 3 years, the average days under water is 283 days, which is greater, thus worse than the value of 36 days from the benchmark.

Historical returns have been extended using synthetic data.
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- "Year" returns in the table above are not equal to the sum of monthly returns due to compounding.
- Performance results of WisdomTree Bloomberg U.S. Dollar Bullish Fund are hypothetical, do not account for slippage, fees or taxes, and are based on backtesting, which has many inherent limitations, some of which are described in our Terms of Use.